Paralysis

Introduction to Paralysis
Paralysis is a condition characterized by the loss of feeling, body control and movement in one or more muscles of the affected area. Paralysis usually as occurs as a result of damage to its nerve supply, stroke and trauma, particularly to the nervous system, i.e. the spinal cord or the brain.

Types of Paralysis
Paralysis can be complete or partial. It can occur on one or both sides of the body. It can also occur in just one area, or it can be widespread. The types of paralysis are classified by region:

  • Monoplegia, affecting only one limb
  • Diplegia, affecting the same body region on both sides of the body (both arms, for example, or both sides of the face)
  • Hemiplegia, affecting one side of the body
  • Paraplegia, affecting the lower half of the body, including both legs and the trunk
  • Quadriplegia, affecting all four limbs i.e. The arms, the legs and the trunk

Signs / Symptoms of Paralysis
Paralysis causes immobility. Hence it has a rather significant effect on the other systems in the body. These include:

  • Numbness to weather (No feeling of heat or cold)
  • Tingling sensations in the unaffected parts of the body
  • Impairment of vision.
  • No control over urination and defecation
  • Changes to circulation and respiration
  • Changes to the kidneys and gastrointestinal system
  • Changes to muscles, joints, and bones
  • Spasticity of the limbs
  • Muscle spasms
  • Pressure sores
  • Edema
  • Blood clots in the lower limbs
  • Feelings of numbness or pain
  • Skin injury
  • Bacterial infection
  • Disruption of the normal working of the tissues, glands, and organs
  • Constipation
  • Loss of control of urination
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Abnormal sweating
  • Abnormal breathing or heart rate
  • Balance problems
  • Difficulty thinking
  • Behavioral issues
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing

Related Tests to Paralysis

  • Physical examination
  • Blood pressure 
  • Blood tests
    • CBC and ESR
    • White Blood Cell Differential
    • Electrolytes
    • Fasting blood sugar
    • Blood cholesterol levels
    • Blood cultures
    • Cardiolipin antibodies
  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI of the head or spine
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) 
  • Spinal tap 
  • Myelography
  • Muscle or nerve biopsy

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