Anti Hepatitis C Virus (AHCV) - Total

Clinical definition of the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test
Hepatitis C is an infectious disease affecting the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is one of five known hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, and E. The infection is often asymptomatic, but once established, chronic infection can progress to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. The hepatitis C virus is spread by blood-to-blood contact i.e.  by exposure to contaminated blood, blood products & organ transplants; though the sharing of infected needles by IV drug users; needlestick injuries or blood spatter to the eyes or open wounds; body piercings and tattoos; shared personal care items such as razors, toothbrushes, cuticle scissors etc; through sexual intercourse with an infected person, and vertical transmission.

Why is the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test done?
This test is done for the screening and diagnosis of HCV infection and to monitor the treatment of a person infected with the virus. 

What are the common signs/symptoms when the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test is done?

  • Abnormal liver function tests
  • Symptoms associated with liver disease, such as
    • Jaundice
    • Dark or deep yellow urine
    • Nausea
    • Unexpected weight gain or loss

Who should do the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test (Target population)?

  • Persons who could be exposed to the virus via contact with infected blood
  • Persons having symptoms associated with liver disease or liver inflammation
  • Health care workers who may have had a needlestick injury, or a mucosal exposure to HCV-positive blood

What should I do before the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions during specimen collection*

Serum (Blood Sample)

Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test results?

Reference

Interval

0 to 1.0 Index

Negative

Above 1.0 Index

Positive

Inference: Interpretation of the HCV tests is shown in the table below. In general, if the HCV antibody test is strongly positive, then someone has likely been infected at some time with hepatitis C.

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test

  • Liver cancer
  • Esophageal varices 
  • Gastric varices
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Cirrhosis

Other tests related to the Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total test

  • SGOT
  • SGPT
  • GGTP
  • Bilirubin- DIRECT
  • Bilirubin-TOTAL
  • Liver Function Test
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B

Synonyms : Hepatitis C antibody
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