Malaria [Peripheral smear, Antigen, Antibody, QBC: Malarial Parasite (MP): Vivax & Falciparum]

Clinical definition of the malaria tests
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. The parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. The malaria parasite can also be transmitted through blood transfusion, organ transplant, or the shared use of needles or syringes contaminated with blood or vertical transmission. Four kinds of malaria parasites can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae.

Why are the malaria tests done?
People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. The most commonly used tests to check for the malarial parasite are:

What are the common signs/symptoms when the malaria tests are done?
Infection with malaria parasites may result in a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from absent or very mild symptoms to severe disease and even death.
More commonly, the patient presents with a combination of the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sweats
  • Headaches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Body aches
  • General malaise
  • Weakness
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Anemia
  • Mild jaundice
  • Enlargement of the liver
  • Increased respiratory rate

Who should do the malaria tests (Target population)?
Persons showing any of the above signs & symptoms or those who are at a high risk at getting infected.

What should I do before the malaria tests?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions before the test *

Serum (Blood Sample)

Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my malaria tests results?

Reference Range*

Interpretation

Malaria Parasite examination on thick Smear, blood

Absent

Malaria Antibody-IgG ,Blood

Negative

Malaria detection by IF

Negative

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the malaria tests

  • Dengue
  • Jaundice

Other tests related to the malaria tests

  • Dengue
  • Platelet count
  • Anti Hepatitis Envelop Antigen Total
  • Anti Hepatitis C Virus - Total
  • Malaria by Real time PCR, Blood
  • Malaria detection by QBC, Blood
  • Malaria profile, Blood
  • Malarial Antibody-IgG, Serum
  • Malarial Antigen (Vivax & Falciparum), Blood
  • Malarial Parasite by smear examination, Blood

 


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Malarial Parasite (MP)

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