Electrolytes Panel

Clinical definition of the Electrolytes Test
Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals that are found in the body tissues and blood in the form of dissolved salts. They help the nutrients to enter and the waste to be removed out of the body’s cells. They help to maintain a healthy water balance, muscle action and to stabilize the body’s pH level. Hence it is important to replace them by drinking fluids. The electrolyte test panel usually measures the main electrolytes in the body i.e.

  • Sodium (Na+)
  • Potassium (K+)
  • Chloride (Cl-)
  • Bicarbonate (or total CO2)

Why is the Electrolytes Test done?
The electrolyte test may be included as a part of a routine health screening, to detect or to monitor the treatment of a fluid and electrolyte imbalance in the body. Measuring the ions in the electrolyte panel also helps to assess problems such as high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and liver and kidney disease.

What are the common signs/symptoms when the Electrolytes Test is done?

  • Swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid (Edema)
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Cramps
  • Irregular heartbeat

Who should do the Electrolytes Test (Target population)?
Persons showing the above signs & symptoms.

What should I do before the Electrolytes Test?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions before the test *

Serum

(Blood Sample)

Venipuncture

(Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm)

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my Electrolytes Test results?

Gender

Normal Reference Range*

Sodium

Potassium

Chloride

Bicarbonate

Male

136 to 145 mmol/L

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

98 to 107 mmol/L

21 - 32 mmol/L

Female

136 to 145 mmol/L

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

98 to 107 mmol/L

21 - 32 mmol/L

Child

 

0 - 7 days 

131 - 144 mmol/l

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

97 - 108 mmol/l

13 - 21 mmol/l

7 - 31 days 

132 - 142 mmol/l

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

97 - 108 mmol/l

13 - 22 mmol/l

1 - 6 months 

132 - 140 mmol/l

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

97 - 108 mmol/l

13 - 23 mmol/l

6 months - 1 yr 

131 - 140 mmol/l

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

97 - 106 mmol/l

14 - 23 mmol/l

> 1 yr 

132 - 141 mmol/l

3.4 to 4.5 mmol/L

97 - 107 mmol/l

16 - 25 mmol/l

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the Electrolytes Test  

  • Hypertension
  • Heart failure
  • Liver 
  • Kidney disease
  • Diarrhea

Other tests related to the Electrolytes Test

  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Chloride
  • Bicarbonate
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
  • Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)

Book This Test
Electrolytes (Na,K,Cl) (Sodium,Potassium,Chloride) Serum

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