Echinococcus

 

Clinical definition of the Echinococcus test
Echinococcal disease is a zoonotic disease caused by infection due to a tiny parasitic tapeworm called Echinococcus. Humans become infected when they swallow its eggs in contaminated food. The infection is carried to the liver, where cysts form. Persons exposed to feces of cattle, deer, dogs, wolves or pigs are at a high risk of being infected.

Why is the Echinococcus test done?
It is done to check for antibodies which may develop due to exposure to the worm.

What are the common signs/symptoms when the Echinococcus test is done?
A cyst may be asymptomatic unless it is large enough to be felt by physical examination, 10 - 20 years after infection. Common symptoms include:

  • Bloody sputum
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Severe skin itching

Who should do the Echinococcus test (Target population)?
Persons showing the above signs & symptoms and those at a high risk of contracting the disease due to exposure.

What should I do before the Echinococcus test?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions before the test *

Serum (Blood Sample)

Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my Echinococcus test results?

IgG

Reference Range*

Interpretation

Above 0.3 OD units

Positive

Below 0.3 OD units

Negative

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the Echinococcus test

  • Cyst in liver, brain, kidney, bones, lungs and spleen

Other tests related to the Echinococcus test

  • CT Scan

Synonyms : Hydatid cyst disease
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