Amoebiasis

 

Clinical definition of the Amoebiasis test
Amoebiasis is a type of gastrointestinal infection infecting the bowel and is caused by the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica.  It is usually transmitted by ingesting contaminated water containing the microorganism; eating contaminated raw vegetables and fruit; unprotected oral-anal sexual contact or through contact with dirty hands or objects in areas of poor sanitation and unhygienic conditions.

Why is the Amoebiasis test done?
This test is used for diagnoses and screening of antibodies against the amoeba.

What are the common signs/symptoms when the Amoebiasis test is done?
It may or may not be symptomatic and can remain latent in an infected person for several years. However typically amoebiasis is characterised by:

  • Tenderness in the lower abdomen
  • Grumbling abdominal pains
  • Increased urgency and frequency of stools
  • Diarrhea/ dysentery with blood or mucous
  • Low grade fever          
  • Stomach cramps
  • Loose foul smelling stools,
  • Flatulence (gas formation) with abdominal cramps
  • Infection of liver and other organs

Who should do the Amoebiasis test (Target population)?
Persons who show signs of diarrhea or those travelling to unhygienic conditions and showing above symptoms.

What should I do before the Amoebiasis test?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions before the test *

Serum (Blood Sample)

 

Venipuncture -- Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

Stool

Hands must be washed before beginning the procedure.

Pass the stool specimen directly into the clean stool container provided.

DO NOT pass the specimen into the toilet.

DO NOT urinate on the specimen or into the container.
DO NOT allow any water to mix with the specimen.

DO NOT contaminate with toilet tissue.

The specimen must be returned to the lab within 1 hour of collection.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my Amoebiasis test results?

Reference Range*

Interpretation

0 to 0.4 OD Units

Negative

Above 0.4 OD units

Positive

‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the Amoebiasis test

  • Diarrhea 
  • Dysentery with blood and/or mucus 
  • Amoebic dysentery 
  • Amoebic colitis
  • Amoebic liver abscesses. 
  • Liver abscesses
  • Bacillary dysentery

Other tests related to the Amoebiasis test

  • Stool Routine
  • Occult Blood- Stool

Diseases/conditions related to the Amoebiasis test

  • Diarrhea 
  • Dysentery with blood and/or mucus 
  • Amoebic dysentery 
  • Amoebic colitis
  • Amoebic liver abscesses
  • Liver abscesses
  • Bacillary dysentery

Other tests related to the Amoebiasis test

  • Stool Routine
  • Occult Blood- Stool

 


Synonyms : Entamoeba histolytica
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Stool Routine And Microscopy

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