Mumps IgG / IgM Antibodies & Viral Culture

Clinical definition of the Mumps test
Mumps is a disease usually acquired in the childhood, caused by the mumps virus. Mumps usually spreads through saliva or by being with another person who has it. It can infect many parts of the body, especially the parotid salivary glands, which are found near the jaw line below the ears. When a person gets infected with mumps, these glands typically swell and become painful. There is no treatment for mumps. The only way of preventing it is by administrating the MMRV [measles-mumps-rubella plus varicella (chicken-pox)] vaccine during childhood, which would give immunity to the disease.

Why is the Mumps test done?
The Mumps test is usually done to check for the presence of antibodies against the virus.

What are the common signs/symptoms when the Mumps test is done?

  • Mumps causes
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Swelling of the parotid gland giving "chipmunk cheeks"
  • Rare but serious problems may include
  • Deafness
  • Swelling of the brain, spinal cord, testicles, breasts or ovaries
  • Pregnancy loss
  • Rarely death

What should I do before the Mumps test?

Specimen type

Specimen collection procedure

Preparatory instructions before the test *

Serum (Blood Sample)

Venipuncture - Collection of blood from a vein, usually from the arm.

No Fasting Required.

No other special preparations required.

*Subjects suffering from any illness or on oral or injectable medications are advised to consult their physician prior to requesting any tests or procedures.

How do I interpret my Mumps test results?

IgG

IgM

Reference Range*

Interpretation

Reference Range*

Interpretation

0.35 to 0.5 RFV

Borderline

0.9 to 1.1 Index

Borderline

0.5 & Above RFV

Positive

Above 1.1 Index

Positive

Below 0.35 RFV

Negative

Below 0.9 Index

Negativ

*Relative fluorescence value (RFV)
‘*A Reference range is a set of values which helps the healthcare professional to interpret a medical test. It may vary with age, gender, and other factors. Reference ranges may also vary between labs, in value & units depending on instruments used and method of establishment of reference ranges’

Diseases/conditions related to the Mumps test

  • Blocked salivary duct
  • Lymadenopathy

Other tests related to the Mumps test

  • Rubella test

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